Helicobacter Pylori And Gastritis

in Treatment

Helicobacter pylori, commonly known as H. pylori, are a microaerophilic, gram negative bacteria that usually inhabits different areas of the duodenum and stomach. They usually don't cause any kind of problem in childhood. However, if left untreated, they can prove harmful causing chronic problems including peptic ulcers and dyspepsia. In extreme cases, they can even cause stomach cancer. A common problem caused by these bacteria is Helicobacter pylori gastritis, which in simple terms, refers to inflammation of the stomach lining.


Symptoms of H. pylori infection:


A person suffering from Helicobacter pylori gastritis usually experiences belching, discomfort, abdominal bloating, vomiting and nausea. Some people may also feel a burning sensation in the region of upper abdomen, which may occur around an hour after meals or even during the night time. Some may also experience a feeling of fullness. In extreme cases, a person may notice blood in his/her vomit and black stools.

Diagnosis of H. pylori infection:

There are three common ways to determine whether gastritis has indeed been caused due to the presence of H. pylori. These methods are:

Breath tests: As per this method, a person may be asked to drink a special solution containing a substance that is usually broken down by the bacteria and its derivative exhaled via the lungs.

Blood tests: These tests can detect specific proteins or antibodies that are developed by the body's immune system against H. pylori bacterium.

Stool tests: These tests are performed to detect the presence of H. pylori in stools.

Treatment of H. pylori infection:


H. pylori infection can be treated through a combination of medicines and antibiotics that suppress acid production in the stomach.


The treatment method involves eliminating the bacteria and allowing the ulcer to heal. The first line of treatment usually includes triple therapy involving antibiotics such as amoxicillin and clarithromycin, and a proton pump inhibitor such as omeprazole.


For people who are sensitive to the side-effects can be treated through dual therapy treatment, which involves the use of only one antibiotic.

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Natalie Halimi has 1 articles online

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Helicobacter Pylori And Gastritis

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This article was published on 2010/03/26